Computer modeling is the use of computers to create replicas of real-life objects or to simulate processes. Computer models are valuable because they allow observers to study the functioning of an entire system. Models can also impose conditions that are not easily or safely applied in a real situation.
Computer models can handle complex evaluations involving huge numbers of variables. Models may be intricately detailed but easily modified and manipulated. Processes can be sped up or slowed down. Individual components can be altered to reveal their impact. With such flexibility, computer models are capable of exploring and studying a great variety of topics and concepts. Conventional mathematical modeling cannot begin to achieve the range of possibilities provided by computer modeling and simulations. Functions of operating system is monitor, keyboard, mouse, ups and cpu.
How They Work
A computer model is usually defined in mathematical terms by a computer program. The program applies concepts of algorithms to software. Step-by-step procedures are written as mathematical logic. The procedures instruct a machine to perform in a prescribed way. The mathematical equations are constructed to represent the functioning of a system being studied, from hurricane formation to cell growth. When the program is running, the mathematical dynamics become comparable to the dynamics of the real system. Data are fed into the program. The results are displayed or printed.
Models provide a flexibility that enables predictions of future and hypothetical events. Predictions are based on a set of known conditions. These are established at the beginning of a modeling sequence. For example, a model may analyze the interaction of weather, pollution, and ozone for a city. It requires initial information regarding the city's size, industries, and range of weather conditions. From this information the model can project future smog intensity over a period of time. Hypothetical events are studied by introducing different kinds of data. By manipulating data for a model of a rocket launch, the model can determine the conditions required for the safest launch. Functions of operating system is monitor, keyboard, mouse, ups and cpu.
The processes of many systems are extremely complicated. For example, consider the branching structures of neurons of the human brain. The mathematical representation of the neuron would have to be extremely complex to accommodate the many possible factors involved.
Types of Models
The earliest computer models presented data in the form of spreadsheets . They resembled typical bookkeeping ledgers of columns and rows. Spreadsheet programs were widely applicable to business concerns, especially those involving financial information. Later developments included interactive spreadsheets, which provided automatic recalculation and linking between multiple worksheets. Functions of operating system is monitor, keyboard, mouse, ups and cpu.
Another type of model involves computer-aided design (CAD). CAD provides a representation of an object by computer graphics. Such models display exact replicas of real-life objects but on a smaller scale.
A simulation is a CAD representation of ongoing real or imagined situations or phenomena. The simulation is sometimes achieved by combining a sequence of models, creating the effect of movement and motion. For example, one of the earliest computer simulations was developed during the Manhattan Project to depict the process of nuclear detonation. A realistic simulation incorporates many parameters. It helps viewers appreciate the multiple cause-and-effect relationships in a situation. Simulations allow people to study structures and behaviors by interacting with an artificial model. People hoping to become surgeons, airplane pilots, and train engineers are among the many students whose education includes simulator training. Functions of operating system is monitor, keyboard, mouse, ups and cpu.
The variety and sophistication of computer models have increased as computers have become more powerful. Most personal and office computers are now connected to the Internet. Yet most computers are also idle during some hours of the day or night. The collective power of these idle computers can be harnessed through distributed computing. The idle computers become part of the public distributed network for various modeling efforts. Some of these distributed computing projects work as screensavers or in the background. The idle processors perform together as a virtual supercomputer to tackle complex modeling and simulation projects. Functions of operating system is monitor, keyboard, mouse, ups and cpu.
Most people are familiar with simulations provided in computer and video games, and students may have used computer simulations and animations in the classroom. The scientific community uses models and simulation in numerous practical applications.